【新書快報】The Constitution of Taiwan: A Contextual Analysis (Constitutional Systems of the World)

By 東亞法院研究院  

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The Constitution of Taiwan: A Contextual Analysis (Constitutional Systems of the World)

Author: Jiunn-rong Yeh
Series: Constitutional Systems of the World
Publisher: Hart Publishing (May 12, 2016)

Taiwan is a tale of miracles in the 20th century: the economic miracle in the 1970s-1980s; the democratic miracle that brought about a silent revolution from a notorious authoritarian regime to a full democracy in Asia; and the constitutional miracle in which political reform was achieved through constitutional means. Indeed, Taiwan’s transition to democracy was made possible by incremental constitutional revisions, courts responsive to changing dynamics, and a civil society engaged in the project of constitutional transformation. These changes ushered in the unprecedented development of a transitional and transnational constitutionalism. This book explains the drivers and context of these constitutional transformations: democratization, indigenization, and globalization. These transformed an externally-imposed constitution into an internally-embraced and vibrant one. The changes analyzed include institutional shifts: from a cabinet system to a semi-presidential one * from three parliaments to one * from manipulated central-local relations to a functional federalism * from a Constitutional Court that merely rubber stamped to one that is responsive and supports dialogue. More importantly, the book details how a short list of constitutional rights has been transformed into a burgeoning rights-based discourse engaged by civil society. (Series: Constitutional Systems of the World) [Subject: Constitutional Law, Administrative Law, Asian Law, Politics]

臺灣是20世紀的奇蹟:包括1970年代到1980年代的經濟奇蹟、從一個威權體制寧靜革命成完全的民主體制的亞洲民主奇蹟,以及一個透過憲政途徑達成政治重組的憲政奇蹟。雖然臺灣通往民主體制的過程是透過逐步的憲法修改所達成的,但法院也不斷回應著這種改變的動態,以及市民社會的參與也促成了憲政轉型的成果,而這些行動促成了前所未見的憲政發展。本書解釋了憲政轉型的驅力和脈絡:民主化、在地化與全球化,讓外來的體制能夠被接受融入並充滿行動力。而在其中政府的體制也有許多改變:從內閣制到半總統制、從三個國會到一個、從嚴格的中央地方關係到功能取向的聯邦主義、從一個橡皮圖章到反應靈敏且促成對話的大法官。更重要的是,本書詳細描寫憲法的人權清單是如何被市民社會轉化成一個蓬勃發展中且以權利為基礎的論述。本書由英國牛津Hart出版社出版,為世界憲法叢書(Constitutional Systems of the World)中的其中一本。

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